People of all ages have enjoyed Chess for ages.  Not only is it a fun pastime, but it also provides many benefits for children, including developing critical thinking skills, problem-solving abilities, and strategic planning.

 Teaching your children how to play chess can be a wonderful way to spend quality time together. It also gives them a lifelong hobby they can enjoy. In this post, we will go over the basics of chess, including the movements of the different pieces, as well as some tips on how to teach your children the game in a fun and engaging way. We’ll even throw in a little extra and share some strategies that might help them improve their game (and maybe yours too)!

The Basic Rules of Chess

Each player takes turns making a single move. Players cannot choose to skip a turn – they must make a move. Each chess piece moves in a specific way and must be moved according to its legal movement. (see below). Pieces cannot move through pieces of either color without either:

  • stopping (in the case of a piece of the same color) 
  • capturing them (in the case of a piece of the opposite color).

How the different chess pieces move:

There are 6 different pieces in chess. 

  • King: The king piece can only move one square in any direction.
  • Queen: The Queen is the most powerful piece. It can move any number of squares in any direction, horizontally, vertically or diagonally.
  • Rook: The Rook can move any number of squares horizontally or vertically.
  • Bishop: The Bishop can move any number of squares diagonally.
  • Knight: Knights move in an L shape, two squares in one direction then one more space after a 90-degree turn.
  • Pawns: Pawns are interesting. They can only move forward one square at a time. The exception is on their first move where they can move forward two squares. They can only capture other pieces diagonally.


Castling is a special move in Chess, and is the only move where two pieces move within one turn. It is a special rule where your king can move two spaces to its right or left. Simultaneously, the rook on that corresponding side moves to the space on the opposite side of the king.

There are four key rule the must be followed in order to complete a castling move. First, the king and rook must still be in their starting squares, and never moved over the course of the game. Secondly, all of the spaces between the king and rook need to be clear of other pieces. Third, the king may not be in Check. Finally, the spaces the king will travel and land on may not be vulnerable to attack in the next move.

Ending the Game

As the game progresses, players must be mindful of the concept of “check” and “checkmate.” When a player’s king is under attack, it is in “check.” When a player’s king is in check and there is no way to move the king out of the attack, it is “checkmate” and the game is over. 

Tips for teaching your kids how to play chess. 

Here are some tips on how to teach your children the game of chess in a fun and engaging way:

Start with the basics: Begin by introducing your child to the different pieces and their movements. Let them practice moving the pieces on the board and familiarize themselves with the layout.

Use visual aids: Children often learn better through visual aids such as pictures and videos. There are many resources available online, including interactive chess tutorials, animations, and diagrams that can help explain the rules and different strategies.

Play with them: Playing chess with your child is the best way to teach them the game. As you play, point out the different tactics and strategies you’re using, and explain the reasoning behind your moves. Engage them into deciding what moves are best to make. Instead of just telling your child how to move the pieces, ask them questions and get them to come up with their own moves. This will help them think critically and develop their problem-solving skills.

Keep it fun: Remember that the most important thing is to make the learning experience fun and engaging. Use humor, praise, and positive reinforcement to keep your child motivated and interested in the game.

Be patient: Teaching your child chess can take time and patience. Make sure you’re ready for a long-term commitment and that you’re there to guide and support them along the way.

Story Time Chess

One product out on the market designed to help teach young children how to play Chess is Story Time Chess. This unique Chess set is formatted in a simple way that is approachable to children as young as three-years-old. What makes Story Time Chess unique is they have created a story to explain how each chess piece moves with reason for their movement within the story. So for example, the King is scared, so he moves on tiptoes and very slowly. This provides a connect to the children on why the king only moves one space. There are also exercises that go with each piece/character to teach their movement. Besides the storybook, the game has standard chess pieces, but they have a small slot. These slots allow parents to put in a picture of the character that corresponds to the story. This visually helps coordinate the traditional piece with the character in the story.

Story Time Chess has gotten wide praise and has won quite a few rewards. Two notable rewards are winning the 2021 Toy of Year Award, and winning the Mom’s Choice Awards.

Ways to Encourage Engagement

Reward their progress: You could give rewards for progress made. For example, every time your child successfully checkmates you, or every time your child beats an opponent (even if it’s you). This can make the game more engaging and fun for your child.

Show them professional games and Grandmasters: Show your child some professional games, videos and even watch live games with them. This will help them understand the game at a higher level and provide a good motivation for them.

Five tips to Improve Your Skills 

Study the basic tactics: Learn common tactical motifs such as forks, pins, double attacks, discovered attacks, and so on. There are many resources available online, including chess puzzles and instructional videos.

Analyze your own games start to finish: After you finish a game, take the time to analyze your own moves, both the good and the bad. Try to understand what went wrong and how you could have played better. The endgame is the stage of the game where there are fewer pieces left on the board. It can be a great opportunity to improve your technique and find the best way to finish the game.

Learn from the best: Study the games of grandmasters and try to understand their thought process and reasoning behind their moves. As you improve, it’s important to play against players who are better than you. This will help you to identify and improve on your weaknesses.

Keep it simple: A good rule of thumb is to keep your play simple and avoid overcomplicating things. Try to focus on the most important aspects of the position, such as king safety and piece activity.

Practice, practice, practice: The most important tip of all is to play as much chess as you can. The more you play, the more experience you’ll gain, and the better you’ll become at the game.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, teaching your child how to play chess can be a rewarding experience for both you and your child. Not only will they learn valuable strategic thinking and problem-solving skills, but they will also gain confidence and self-esteem as they improve at the game. By starting with the basics, breaking the game down into manageable chunks, and making learning fun, you can help your child develop a love for chess that will last a lifetime. Remember to be patient, encouraging, and to make it a fun family activity. With a little bit of time and effort, you can help your child become a chess prodigy in no time!

What do you think? Sound off in the comments and let us know your thoughts!

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